Take, TakeUntil, TakeWhile & TakeLast in Angular Observable

The take, takeUntil, takeWhile & takeLast operators allow us to filter out the emitted values from the observable. The take(n) emits the first n values, while takeLast(n) emits the last n values. The takeUntil(notifier) keeps emitting the values until it is notified to stop. takeWhile(predicate) emits the value while values satisfy the predicate. All of the stops emitting once done.

Take

Take operator emits the first n number of values before completing. Any reminder values are ignored.

Syntax

take(n)

Where n is the maximum number of values to emit.

If the source emits more than n values, then take emits only n values and completes

If the source emits less than n number of values, then take emits all of them before completing.

Example

app.component.ts

Source Code

TakeUntil

The takeUntil operator returns an Observable that emits value from the source Observable until the notifier Observable emits a value.

Syntax

We must pass a notifier observable as the argument to the TakeUntil Operator

TakeUntil emits the values from the Source Observable as long as it does not receive any value from the notifier observable

When the notifier emits a value, the TakeUntil completes the Source observable.

If the notifier completes without emitting any value, then the TakeUntil keeps emitting values from the source and completes when the source completes.

Example

In the example below, we create a notifier observable

The notifier observable emits a value , when use clicks on the stop button.

Use the takeUntil in the source observable as shown below

Run the app. The source observable stops when you click on stop button.

app.component.ts

Source Code

app.component.html

Source Code

One of the use cases of takeUntil is to automatically unsubscribe all the observables. You can refer to it from the tutorial on Unsubscribing from an observable.

TakeWhile

TakeWhile operator will keep emitting the value from the source observable as long as they pass the given condition (predicate). When it receives a value that does not satisfy the condition it completes the observable. No further values are emitted even if they satisfy the condition.

Syntax

Where predicate is the condition.

If inclusive is true, then the emits the value, which does not pass the condition before terminating the observable.

Example

In the code below takeWhile tests the condition val < 3 against the incoming values. When it receives the value 3, which does not satisfy the condition, the observable completes. It does not emit any further values although the stream still has values that satisfy the condition.

Source Code

With inclusive is set to true, takewhile also emits the value 3 before completing the observable.

Source Code

Example

TakeWhile Vs Filter

Both takeWhile & filter uses the condition to filter out the incoming stream. Both allows only the matching values to pass through discarding the others.

The difference is that takeWhile discards the rest of the stream, when it receives the first value that does not satisfy the condition (If the inclusive is set to true, then it also emits the last value even when it does not satisfy the condition). The filter operator never stops the observable.

The following example, filter operator does not stop when it receives the value 3. But it discards it and continues further until the stream itself completes.

Example

Source Code

TakeLast

TakeLast operator emits the last n number of values from the source observable.

Syntax

Where n is the maximum number of values to emit.

To know the last n number of values, the TakeLast needs to wait for the source to complete. Hence if the source never completes, then TakeLast will never emit a value.

When the stream completes, the takeLast will

  1. emits the last n number of values
  2. if the source emits less than the n number of values then it emits all of them
  3. stream completes immediatly

Example

Source Code

References

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Scroll to Top