Getting Started: ASP.NET Core Hello World

In this tutorial, we get started by building an ASP.NET Core Hello World example application. We will use Visual Studio 2017 as our editor. The application will use the default empty template, which displays “Hello World”. Before getting started, you must install the .NET Core SDK and Visual Studio 2017 Community Edition. We also learn how to build and run the Hello World App using the dotnet command-line utility.

Build the ASP.NET Core Hello World App

Open Visual Studio 2017. You need Version 15.3.4 or higher. If you do not have it, then please head over to Installing and setting up ASP.NET Core development environment Tutorial for the installation instruction.

Click on Open -> File -> New -> Project

Choose the ASP.NET Core Web Application template. This Template is available under Visual C# -> .NET Core option

Name the project as HelloWorld.

Getting Started: Creating New Hello  world ASP.NET Core Project
Getting Started: Creating New Hello world ASP.NET Core Project

Once you click ok, you are taken to New ASP.NET Core Web Application Dialog Box

Choose the .NET Core Version for ASP.NET Core Hello World Example
Choose the .NET Core Version for ASP.NET Core Hello World Example

Here you have to make a few choices

Runtime

The First Dropdown displays the Runtime. It has two options .NET Core & .NET Framework.

The .NET Framework is an older framework with the rich full set of features but limited to Windows OS Only.

The second option is the new .NET Core, which allows you to build a Cross-platform web application

Choose .Net Core

Version of ASP.NET

The second option allows choosing the Version of ASP.NET. The dropdown will show all the installed versions of .NET core SDK. You can download the latest version of .NET Core SDK

Choose the latest version. Right now it is .NET Core 2.2

Project Template

Next, we need to choose the Project Template. There are several options here including Angular, ReactJs template.

Let us choose Empty here

Docker Support

The Docker support is added in Visual Studio 2017 allowing .NET Applications to run inside a Docker container.

Keep it unchecked

Authentication

We can set up individual, work or school, or windows authentication using this option. For Empty Template, the only option available is No Authentication.

Click ok to create the Project. The Visual Studio creates the project with minimum settings required to start building ASP.NET Core web application.

Configure for HTTPS

You can select this option if you wish to enforce HTTPS, which is a good thing to do, But for this tutorial let us keep it simple. Untick this option

Getting Started with ASP.NET Core Project
Getting Started with ASP.NET Core Project

Running the App

Hit F5 to run the app. You will see “Hello World” in the browser

Hitting F5 starts the application in debug mode. The debug mode allows you to make changes to the application, while it is running.

You can also choose Ctrl-F5, which starts the application in non-debug mode.

Running the App in IIS Express

Visual Studio starts IIS Express and runs your app. It chooses a random port number to start your application

The IIS Express icon appears at the bottom right-hand side in the taskbar as shown in the image below.

Running our first ASP.NET Core App using IIS Express
Running our first ASP.NET Core App using IIS Express

Running the App in dotnet CLI

By default Visual Studio starts the IIS Express to run your application. You can change this from IIS Express to HelloWorld (or name of the Project) from the standard toolbar

Choosing Where to Run
Choosing Where to Run. Select HelloWorld to run in DotNet CLI

Change it to HelloWorld and hit F5. The Application will now run without the IIS Express. This is similar to using dotnet run from the command prompt as shown in the next section.

Running the App Using Dotnet Run

We can also run the program using the dotnet command-line utility

Open the command window and go to the project root folder. The root folder is where you will find the HelloWorld.csproj file

And type the command dotnet run HelloWorld The project runs and listens on port 5000

 Running the App from the Command line utility
Running the App from the Command line utility

Output files

When we build the (F5 or Ctrl-F5), the project is compiled and compiled files are copied to the output folder, which is bin/<configuration>/<target>.

The <configuration> is the name of the build configuration used. It is either debug for debug builds and release for release builds.

The <target> is “netcoreapp<.NetCoreVersion>”. Since we had chosen ASP.NET Core 2.2, the target folder becomes netcoreapp2.2

For a build using the debug configuration, the compiled files are copied to bin/debug/netcoreapp2.2 under the project directory.

Open the command prompt and cd into the output folder as shown below. Now, you can execute the program from here by using the command dotnet helloWorld.dll The App will run and listen on the port 5000 & 5001. Open the browser and browse to the location http://localhost:5000 and you should see the “Hello World”.

Running the App from the Command line utility  using the compiled dll files
Running the App from the Command line utility using the compiled dll files

Building the Project from the command line

We can also build the project from the command line using the dotnet CLI

Open the project and goto the solution root folder, where the .sln file is located and just run.

Summary

We learned how to create an ASP.NET Core Hello World using Visual Studio 2017. We learned how to run it under IIS Express. We also build and run it using dotnet cli.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Scroll to Top